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DrDave Innovator Moderator. Cutting at the base may just remove enough of the base tissue to cause the regrowth to occur slowly and not reach a large size. We often use it here in our fish holding systems when receiving new koi and goldfish because does help to heal split fins and scrapes caused during transport and prevents infections from occurring. The fish above show signs of an ulcer. Joined May 15, Messages 3 Reaction score 0 Country. Digital Point modules: Sphinx-based search. Ick or Whitespot is just that——small white spots on the fins and body Small white sore on koi your fish.
Male sports nakeed. Water Quality
However, many times the fish will only flash when they get close to the defective electrical device -not always but many times. Help Spread Pond Keeping Knowledge! As they multiply they spread from fish to fish in the Panty teens thumbnails. I would Small white sore on koi by putting the fish in a shallow Small white sore on koi or suitable container. This flashing reaction can be quite common, so I was not that concerned on that first day. Low or crashing pH is the number one cause of this symptom. However you must also understand that if you have had water quality issues aore went undetected for some period of time, the damage may be done and too serious to correct by the time you do figure it out. Example 1 In this example let's say you have had an ammonia spike of 1ppm ammonia that you did not catch. Without the use of a microscope, Whkte would do a shotgun type of treatment, once poor water quality is ruled out. Too many folks are intimidated and do not Pregnancy suspisions or scope the gills thorough enough. Because an important phase of its life cycle occurs on the bottom of the aquarium, it is for this reason that you can help limit infections with water changes made by siphoning the gravel, removing those dividing Ich packets. Afterwards, a maintenance dose once a week can be added to ensure that harmful bacteria levels do not increase in future.
Although there are a large variety of different diseases in koi carp, often times symptoms can present in very similar ways, making it difficult to identify the root cause.
- Even if our koi and water quality appear healthy, there is always a hidden threat lurking below the water which can strike under the right conditions.
- If you have fish, then at some point you may have to treat a physical injury or wound caused by an infection.
Although there are a large variety of different diseases in koi carp, often times symptoms can present in very similar ways, making it difficult to identify the root cause. One symptom in particular is white spots on the body, fins, and gills of koi, which tend to appear as a primary symptom in a range of different diseases.
For example, in cases of Ich , the white spots would be very small, tough, and evenly distributed not clumping across the body of the fish. However, in cases of pox , the white spots may be larger, softer, and may clump together in random patterns and groups. This stubborn parasite is a particular nuisance for both fresh water and salt water fish, and can be difficult to treat due to its very rapid life cycle. Ich presents as small white spots on the body, scales, fins, and gills of fish, which can eventually grow in number to resemble grains of sand.
The small spots are actually the parasite itself, feeding from the fluids contained in the top layers of skin tissue. Although not initially dangerous, the parasite becomes a huge problem if left to spread, as its reproduction cycle is extremely aggressive, and it can very quickly take over an entire pond.
Mortality rates are high when ich is allowed to spread to other parts of the fish, particularly the gills, where the damage to tissue leads to respiratory problems and secondary infections.
Small white spots that look similar to grains of sand are a tell-tale sign of ich, but your fish may also have other symptoms, such as a loss of appetite, rubbing behaviour, or hiding away from the rest of the fish.
Common symptoms of Ich are below External antibacterial medicines can also be supplemented to prevent secondary infections occurring from open sores after the parasite has left the scales. During these periods the virus will begin to spread throughout the fish, and your koi will likely begin to display classic pox symptoms, such as white waxy spots across the body, fins, and tail.
The waxy and glossy appearance of the white spots is the easiest way to identify if your fish has carp pox or another potential white spot disease. Fish with pox should be handled extremely carefully, as the virus will spread throughout the pond if spots are broken.
Sadly, there is no cure for carp pox, so treatment involves management of symptoms, reducing causes of stress, and improving immune activity. Unlike bacterial and parasitical infections, viruses are much tougher to eradicate due to how they reproduce within healthy host cells. Any treatment to destroy the virus would effectively destroy the healthy host cells, which in turn, would eventually kill the fish.
However, fish with pox are not completely vulnerable, and over time their immune system will become very effective at destroying new viruses before they can spread. Since their immune system is the first and last line of defence in treating pox disease, taking steps to improve their immune activity, health, and comfort will all help reduce pox outbreaks and symptoms.
As carp pox tends to flare up during periods of low immune activity, such as hibernation, steps should be taken to ensure koi have the best chance during these periods.
For example, treating for parasites is common practice before winter, as they tend to infect fish when their immune systems are at their weakest in cold weather. Parasite infections will also lead to stress, and stress will lead to carp pox outbreaks — and both together are a bad combination!
Likewise, feeding your fish a high quality feed with immune boosting properties can help strength their immune system, and heating the pond can also keep pox at bay as immune activity is higher in warmer temperatures. Keeping water quality in good order, and performing regular water changes are also vitally important to preventing infections, illness, and lowering stress. Regardless of how well we maintain and clean our ponds, there will always be some level of bacteria present, and not all kinds are beneficial.
Unlike the aerobic bacteria contained within our filter media which helps break down harmful waste substances, there are other kinds of natural bacteria in ponds that can lead to sickness, disease, and ulceration. If their slime coats are compromised, however, due to sickness, poor conditions, or malnutrition, the bacteria can penetrate and cause infections.
The white spots which display with ulcers are unique among other white spot diseases, as instead of leading to a possible bacteria infection, the white spot will indicate an infection is already present. This is usually displayed as a redness or rash that surrounds the spot, with the center being filled with infectious bacteria and mucus.
Without treatment, or if the koi is handled poorly, the ulcer can rupture which will lead to an open wound and possible infection between fish. Ulcers tend to form after an injury, parasite infection, or preceding illness that leaves the koi with open sores which then contract the free-swimming bacteria. Ulcers are caused by bacterial infections, so can be treated very effectively with antibiotic medicines.
This treatment adds new bacteria to the pond which is safe for fish, and this new bacteria competes with the harmful strains, eventually starving them of nutrients. Alongside treatments, ulcers can be prevented by maintaining good water quality, healthy fish, and a strict cleaning and water change routine.
If fish do not respond to ich treatment, or the virus is allowed to develop in time, the small white spots will eventually begin to grow and clump together, leading to cauliflower-shaped growths.
Since the immune system is responsible for management of the virus, the disease commonly forms in areas with less exposure to the immune system, such as in tissues with a thick hyaline membranes. However, if water conditions are poor, or fish are already sick or unhealthy, complications can occur from secondary infections and the spreading of lumps to gill tissue respiratory problems , mouths feeding trouble , and eye sockets.
A s with the pox virus, there is no cure for the virus that causes lymphocystis, and primary treatment involves the management of symptoms and good husbandry.
Feeding a high quality fish food with immune boosting properties can be beneficial for maintaining a strong immune response, and keeping water quality in-check will help reduce possible enviormental stress.
Regular water changes are useful for removing excess waste, and will also help reduce any possible free-swimming parasites and harmful bacteria that can cause secondary complications.
Finally, since immune activity is increased in warmer temperatures, heating your pond water or quarantine tank can speed up the response of the immune system and greatly reduce recovery time. If the virus is allowed to spread to gill tissue, the mouth, or the eye sockets, the lumps may need to be removed by a professional veterinarian.
After lumps have been removed, an antibiotic bath will likely be prescribed to help prevent any external bacterial infections occurring during the healing process. So long as water conditions are good, koi are healthy, and fish are comfortable, symptoms will eventually reside as the immune system gains control of viral activity.
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Fish that float upright or upside down have too much air in the bladder, and therefore are unable to right themselves. I go into great details on parasites and their treatments in other sections of this site. You can, however, use just about any type of properly sized plastic Rubbermaid tub as well. Now it is time to revive the fish. On the other hand, you may have a fish with excess slime, like in some Costia cases.
Small white sore on koi. Anchor Worm
White blisters on my Butterfly Koi | Garden Pond Forums
They are living animals, and animals get sick. We recommend that you quarantine all new fish for at least ten days before selling them. Any disease issues brought on by the stress of shipping will become apparent within 10 days. Understanding the cycle process is crucial to maintaining a stable and healthy environment in your pond or tank. When a brand new filter system is set up, the filter media inside of that system has no way to filter waste out of the water.
Bacteria need to grow on the filter media. The bacteria, not the media itself, is what actually removes waste from the water. The waste is removed by a family of beneficial bacteria called Nitrosomonus. As fish produce waste, levels of a toxic chemical called ammonia build in the water. Once ammonia is present, Nitrosomonus will begin to grow on the media, feeding off of the ammonia in the water and converting it to nitrite, another toxic chemical.
As nitrite becomes present, a second kind of bacteria, Nitrobacter, will begin to grow on the media and feed on the nitrite. The nitrite is converted into nitrate, a relatively harmless chemical. When fish are first introduced into a new filter system, the ammonia levels will spike quickly. As the ammonia levels decrease, the nitrite will increase. Continue to keep your stocking density low and make regular water changes.
Also, add salt at pounds per gallons of water, to reduce the toxicity of the nitrites. When both the ammonia and nitrite levels decrease to near zero, your filter system is fully cycled. You can now slowly increase your stocking densities. To speed up the process, add filter media from a cycled filter to your existing filter.
In order to succeed at keeping Koi and Goldfish, you must ensure that you are providing the fish with the best possible water conditions. Additionally, educating your customers about water quality can go a long way toward keeping their fish alive, and keeping them happy. Too often, disease and death among Koi and Goldfish is a result of bad water quality. The following are water quality parameters that you must adhere to in order to be successful.
Chlorine and chloramines are commonly used to disinfect public water supplies. Both are lethal to fish. They can be eliminated easily with commercial water conditioners, designed to neutralize poisonous compounds present in tap water. Temperature should be between 65 and 85 degrees.
Be sure to keep your holding facilities in the shade if possible to avoid high temperatures. Fish need oxygen in the water to survive. A lightly stocked pond may not need additional aeration. You can purchase air blowers, air stones, or paddle aerators designed for this purpose. If the water is low of dissolved oxygen, the fish will come to the top and stick their noses out of the water, seeming to gasp for air.
Inexpensive oxygen test kits can are available throughout the industry. Levels need to be above 6 ppm at all times. It is vitally important to continually monitor your pH level, attempting to maintain a pH of 7.
The lower your pH is below 7. To increase pH, add sodium bicarbonate baking soda 1 teaspoon per 10 gallons until the desired level is reached. A higher pH alone is not harmful.
However, a combination of high pH and ammonia in the water is a deadly combination. Lowering pH can be difficult. Adding peat or vinegar is somewhat effective. Ammonia comes from fish waste and decomposition of uneaten food. Ammonia levels will quickly rise to lethal levels in a system with new or uncycled filters. Levels need to be maintained as close to 0 ppm as possible. If levels are consistently above 0. Bacteria in your filter system consume ammonia. Nitrite, a toxic byproduct of this process, must also be monitored.
Nitrite accumulation will quickly kill fish in a system without fully cycled biofilters. An ideal nitrite level is 0 ppm. Anything above 0. To reduce high nitrite levels, increase your water changes and filtration, and decrease your feeding and stock density. Additionally, you can add uniodized salt at a rate of 3 pound per gallons to decrease the toxicity of nitrite. It is important to remember that pathogenic bacteria are always present in our water and on our fish.
They are a problem only when the fish are weakened by poor water quality or parasite infestations. So, before attempting to treat a bacterial infection, be sure that you correct any underlying problems first.
Symptoms can include fin and tail erosion and fraying, redness of the tail, pectoral or anal fins, and red open sores ulcer disease. Blue Ridge uses a medicated food with oxolinic acid, and it is available for purchase for store use only. Anchorworms resemble a short piece of thread coming from beneath a single scale.
Koi infected with Anchorworms very often develop ulcer sores due to the damage caused by the worms as they bury into the flesh of the fish. Be aware that anchor worms will not disappear immediately. The treatment may take a week or longer, according to the water temperature. Is an unsightly but relatively harmless virus seen occasionally on koi.
It has a waxy white appearance. Like costia, chilodonella are microscopic. They are usually present in colder water degrees. Symptoms are similar to those caused by costia.
Columnaris Flexibacter columnaris Disease is another bacterial infection. The primary symptom is white tufts that develop around the mouth and spread to the body and fins, often leading to ulcers and a thin appearance. Often mistaken for a fungal infection because of its mold-like lesions, Columnaris is a common bacterial infection in cultured fish, particularly livebearing fish and catfish.
Its name is derived from columnar shaped bacteria, which are present in virtually all pond environments. Columnaris can enter the fish through the gills, mouth, or via small wounds on the skin. Symptoms include loss of appetite, listlessness, flashing rubbing their sides against the pond bottom , and excess slime production. Costia normally only affects fish that have already been debilitated by some other cause, and can often be seen on Koi as a secondary parasite.
Costia is one of the many fish diseases that are caused by protozoa. It is a somewhat rare disease that is relatively easy to cure if your fish becomes infected by it. There are several treatments for this disease but it is of course preferable to prevent the protozoa from ever infecting you fish by keeping your facilities clean and your fish healthy and well fed, while at the same time doing what is possible to avoid introducing diseases and parasites into the pond.
Raised scales rather like a pine cone and eyes standing out from the head. A sign of a number of conditions, may be congenital heart or kidney failure or an internal bacterial infection. Bacterial dropsy is infectious so treat with an anti bacterial remedy and if possible isolate affected Koi. Fish lice are sometimes mistaken for a small patch of green algae on the fish. As with anchor worms, fish lice make little holes in the fish, making them vulnerable to bacterial infections. High numbers can cause serious damage.
Symptoms include flashing rubbing their sides against the pond bottom , gasping at the surface, and frayed fins. Treatment options for flukes are different for koi than they are for goldfish. For goldfish, treat with Praziquantel or Potassium Permanganate.
For Koi treat with Supaverm or Potassium Permanganate. It is characterized by tiny white spots the size of coarse sand. Symptoms may appear before you see the white spots. They include flashing rubbing their sides against the pond bottom , lethargy, and loss of appetite.
The treatment of choice for ich is salt for days, depending on the water temperature. Ich takes longer to clear in colder water. Use the Salt Bath treatment listed below. Ulcer disease is a particularly destructive bacterial disease. Seen on koi and goldfish, it starts out as a red or white pimple and quickly widens into a large hole or ulcer. It can advance all the way into the muscle of the fish.
Anchorworms, fish lice, and flukes can all contribute to ulcer disease. Keeping your fish clear of these parasites is very important. Keep affected fish in salted water and feed medicated food. The bath treatment Tricide-Neo can help as well.