Roxane wife of alexander the great-Roxane - Livius

To keep the loyalty of conquered people, Alexander the Great respected their customs and traditions. After she married Alexander, in a ceremony employing her local customs, Roxane followed Alexander as he continued his conquests. When Alexander finally agreed that his men could go home, to Macedonia, Roxane accompanied her husband. Pregnant at the time, Roxane had a son whom she named Alexander. For a time she lived in Macedonia, a place very foreign to her.

Roxane wife of alexander the great

According to Roxane wife of alexander the great accounts, Alexander was nearing death Roxane wife of alexander the great having received several doses of poison, and was attempting to cast himself into the waters of the Euphrates so he could die a dignified death. Log into your wjfe. Timeless Travels We publish breat digital edition of Timeless Travelsthe unique magazine for lovers of history, culture, and travel. By morning, while only loosing thirty men, they reached the top -- surrender immediately followed. References: S. In reconciliation Alexander married her, and the rest of his opponents were either won over or crushed. When Alexander returned to Susa, he promoted a brother of Roxana to the elite cavalry. Bibliography MacLean Rogers, G.

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She was born in c. While some historians indicate she may have travelled with him into India and was at his side in Babylonthe one thing that is agreed upon by all is that she was pregnant at the time of his death. Roxana was born in c. Heracles Roxane wife of alexander the great a brief part in the succession battles, and then disappeared. Eventually, however, Oxyartes and the new Persian king broke bread together, a Macedonian custom. Alexander: The Ambiguity of Greatness. There they made sacrifices at the shrines of the two heroes Achilles and Patroclus ; Alexander honoring Achilles, and Hephaestion honoring Patroclus. She and her son were eventually arrested by Cassander, who stripped them of their royal ranking and threw them into prison. After Roxane discovered him preparing to leap, she persuaded him to avoid such a death and, instead, to allow her tend to him Yung angels porn he lay ill. Wasson, D. For selfish reasons, Perdiccas had hoped to keep the empire together, for he would then be able to serve as regent for the young king. But as for the other captive women, seeing that they were surpassingly stately and beautiful, he merely said jestingly Roxane wife of alexander the great ancient Persians Tenchi muyo ayeka nude mysteriously beautiful beings. Alexander died soon after receiving this letter; Mary Renault suggests that his grief over Hephaestion's death had led him to be careless with his health. Marriage to a local noble's family made sound political sense, but contemporaries implied that Alexander, aged 28, also lost his heart. He is eager to pass knowledge on to his students.

She was born in c.

  • In the summer of BC, one such rebellion occurred in the eastern satrapy of Bactria , a rebellion that would lead to a chance meeting with the beautiful Roxanne.
  • Roxane Bactrian Roshanak : Sogdian princess c.

Roxane Bactrian Roshanak : Sogdian princess c. When the fortress was captured, the sixteen year old woman was among the prisoners of war text.

He had to show respect to their customs if he wanted their loyalty. In the years , we see Alexander appointing Persians in important functions, dress himself like an Iranian nobleman, introduce the oriental court ritual proskynesis. Marrying a local princess was a logical step. The obvious candidate was Barsine , who had been Alexander's concubine since the battle of Issus in November But this lady, who had already given birth to a son named Heracles, was ignored.

It is not known why, but she may have been unacceptable to the Iranian population, because she had spend a great deal of her life in Europe. Barsine may have been too Greek; an extra argument for this hypothesis is that later, she settled herself in Greece. The marriage was concluded according to the local customs text , and Roxane followed her husband when he invaded India , where she gave birth to a child that died soon.

She accompagnied Alexander to Babylon , where her husband died on 11 June She was pregnant. In the next years, the era of the Diadochi , Roxane had a very difficult position. One of the commanders, Perdiccas , was chosen as regent for Alexander's mentally deficient brother Philip Arridaeus and his posthumous son, Alexander.

Together, Perdiccas and Roxane saw to the execution of Alexander's second wife, Statira , who might have become a rival. However, Perdiccas died soon after, and the Macedonian commanders came together to discuss the future. During this meeting at Triparadisus, they decided to divide the empire text. A new but weak regent, the old Antipater , was appointed. He ordered Roxane, Philip and the baby Alexander to go to Macedonia.

For a woman who had grown up in Sogdia, had seen India, had lived in the palaces of Persia and Babylonia , it must have been a strange experience to live in a provincial town called Amphipolis in barbarous Europe.

For several years, she and her son were safe, but one of the rival commanders, Cassander, captured them in Five years later, Cassander and the other Diadochi concluded a peace treaty in which they agreed that they would remain in charge of the empire until Roxane's son would become king in

Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. December Papyrus is an Egyptian water plant that has enabled man to preserve from oblivion the records of dynasties long since passed into history. Views Read Edit View history. We publish the digital edition of Timeless Travels , the unique magazine for lovers of history, culture, and travel. The Classical Quarterly. Thirty thousand Bactrians had taken refuge in a citadel situated high above a sheer cliff, called the Rock of Sogdiana.

Roxane wife of alexander the great

Roxane wife of alexander the great

Roxane wife of alexander the great. Bibliography

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All about Roxana of Bactria – The Wife of Alexander the Great

In the summer of BC, one such rebellion occurred in the eastern satrapy of Bactria , a rebellion that would lead to a chance meeting with the beautiful Roxanne. When Bactria rebelled, Alexander and his army quickly marched to suppress it. Thirty thousand Bactrians had taken refuge in a citadel situated high above a sheer cliff, called the Rock of Sogdiana.

Alexander sent a message to Arimazes, the commander of the fortress, calling for him to surrender. The proud Alexander was not about to let the nearly impossible stop him. He asked for the best cliff-climbers among his army, promising a reward for the first man to reach the top of the cliff: Three hundred men volunteered. By morning, while only loosing thirty men, they reached the top -- surrender immediately followed. It was here, according to the one historian, that Alexander first saw among the captives the lovely Roxanne and immediately fell in love.

According to Plutarch, while she may have been the only woman Alexander ever loved, there was another possible reason for the marriage. He wrote:. As for his marriage with Roxana, whose youthfulness and beauty had charmed him at a drinking entertainment, where he first happened to see her taking part in a dance, it was indeed a love affair, yet it seemed at the same time to be conducive to the object he had in hand.

For it gratified the conquered people to see him choose a wife from among themselves. Because Alexander and his army were called to battle elsewhere, a marriage between Alexander and Roxanne would have to wait. Eventually, however, Oxyartes and the new Persian king broke bread together, a Macedonian custom. The marriage between Roxanne and Alexander which finally took place in BC has continued to be a point of contention among historians.

Was it a marriage of love or a political alliance as Plutarch suggested? Alexander would later insist that many of his commanders take Persian wives something that would lead to bitter feelings after his death.

While some historians indicate she may have travelled with him into India and was at his side in Babylon , the one thing that is agreed upon by all is that she was pregnant at the time of his death. Her next appearance was in Macedonia where she awaited the birth of her son, the future Alexander IV, along with her mother-in- law Olympias.

While she waited, the fate of the empire waited with her. For selfish reasons, Perdiccas had hoped to keep the empire together, for he would then be able to serve as regent for the young king. The other generals -- Ptolemy, Antigonos , and Selecuos -- did not want to wait but demanded the empire be divided among them.

This argument would eventually lead to what historians call the Successor Wars. Roxanne, with the support of Olympias, was hoping the empire would remain intact for the yet unborn Alexander. Were there other claimants? According to Plutarch,. Roxana, who was now with child, and upon that account much honoured by the Macedonians, being jealous of Statira, sent for her by a counterfeit letter, as if Alexander had been still alive, and when she had her in her power, killed her and her sister, and threw their bodies into a well, which they filled with earth….

Jealously and indecision caught up with Roxanne. Wanting to maintain his own small portion of the empire, Cassander , son of Antipater and heir to the Macedonia, had Roxanne and the thirteen-year-old Alexander IV killed in BC.

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Become a Member. Wasson, D. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Wasson, Donald L. Last modified March 08, Ancient History Encyclopedia, 08 Mar Written by Donald L. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms.

Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. We publish the digital edition of Timeless Travels , the unique magazine for lovers of history, culture, and travel. Wasson published on 08 March Remove Ads Advertisement. Bibliography MacLean Rogers, G.

Alexander: The Ambiguity of Greatness. Random House, McCarty, N. Alexander the Great. Gramercy Books, Plutarch. Life of Alexander. Sheppard, R. Alexander the Great at War. Metro Books, About the Author Donald L. Donald has taught Ancient, Medieval and U. History at Lincoln College Normal, Illinois and has always been and will always be a student of history, ever since learning about Alexander the Great.

He is eager to pass knowledge on to his students. Related Content Filters: All. Cassander c. Chicago Style Wasson, Donald L. License Written by Donald L. Powered by Mailchimp Newsletter Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week:. History Enthusiast Teacher Student Librarian. Timeless Travels We publish the digital edition of Timeless Travels , the unique magazine for lovers of history, culture, and travel. Our Videos. You can also follow us on Youtube!

Roxane wife of alexander the great